Francisco Gorbalán (Corbalán)

Brief Biography

Francisco Gorbalán was born around 1511. He was approximately twenty-nine when he went on the Expedition. It is possible that he was born in Medina de Rioseco, Valladolid, as were other Corbaláns. Francisco was present at the muster as an unassigned horseman, but he later stated that he was in López de Cárdenas's company. By 1546 he was back in Spain and living in Guadalajara.

Title (Y/N)
Date of Birth
ca. 1511
Age Set
Country of Origin
Place of Birth (City/Town)
?Medina de Rioseco
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region)
Died on the Expedition?
Last Known Location
Guadalajara, Spain
European Social Status
Position on Expedition
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere
Residence After Expedition
Guadalajara, Spain
Ability to sign name


1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [2 horses, native arms, Gorvalán on the muster]

AGI, Justicia, 1021, N.2, pieza 5, “Probanza de don García López de Cárdenas” [Guadalajara, May 1546 (por parte)] [Gorbalán, vecino de Guadalajara, about 35 years old] [transcript of very interesting testimony] [López de Cárdenas ordered directly by Mendoza to go on expedition] [in Jalisco everyone, including López de Cárdenas, swore to obey Vázquez de Coronado] [Gorbalán went with Samaniego in search of food at Chiametla; López de Cárdenas was absent] [Vázquez de Coronado chose him to succeed Samaniego; he accepted in compliance with his oath] [López de Cárdenas burdened by the responsability] [certain Urrea abused Indians and López de Cárdenas reprimanded him and told him that if he did so again López de Cárdenas would personally punish him] [Gorballán never saw López de Cárdenas or anyone by his order slap or strike an Indian with a stick] [Gorbalán says Indians voluntarily vacated a pueblo and brought food, but suddenly and without cause killed horses and mules; as a result López de Cárdenas was sent by Vázquez de Coronado to make the requerimiento] [Vázquez de Coronado consulted the religious, captains, and sobresalientes (a consejo) about whether to make war] [4 Indians, including El Turco, were taken to see punishment inflicted on the Pueblos] [López de Cárdenas was saddened by what happened to the Indians in the tent] [López de Cárdenas sent many messages to Vázquez de Coronado about what was going on; Coronado responded] [López de Cárdenas had a celada] [at the Pueblo del Cerco the Indians had a palisade or an unmortared stone wall] [López de Cárdenas helped the poor and needy of the expedition, even giving valuable horses] [López de Cárdenas took many servants, a muleteer (acemilero), and black slaves (both male and female)] [López de Cárdenas is still disabled because of the broken arm] [Gorbalán was a member of López de Cárdenas’ company] [could sign his name, (no signature on copy), shown as Corbalán] [García del Castillo says that he, Gorbalán, and Robles took four Indians to the pueblo where López de Cárdenas was, by Vázquez de Coronado’s order, on a day it snowed heavily];

Castañeda in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 28 [caballero]


?ARChV, PL Civiles, Fernando Alonso (F), Caja 1062,7 [1576-1578: Pleito de María de Palacios, de Medina de Rioseco (Valladolid) Bernardino García, de Medina de Rioseco (Valladolid) Francisco Corbalán, de Medina de Rioseco (Valladolid) Sobre Bernardino García, escribano, y María de Palacios, por sí y como curadora de sus hijos, demandan a Francisco Corbalán y consortes por no querer cumplir una ejecutoria a favor de los primeros sobre los bienes de Diego González, ya difunto, hijo de María, y cuyos bienes se disputaban entre María y la difunta abuela de Diego, que tomó como fiadores a Francisco y otros. Antonio Gorbalan appeals a sentence against him; the heirs of the property of fraile Diego González are the children of 7)Juan Pinto: 8)Bartolomé, 2)Llorente (widow is María Galinda), Gonzalo Pinto, Juana Galinda; and the children of Francisco Corvalan - Francisco, 4)Juan and 5)Simón; the property resulted in the curaduria of Diego González's grandmother Juana Fernández de Espinosa; fiancas were put up by Diego Coquero, 1)Andrés Galindo, 3)Pedro González, labrador, 6)Antonio Corbalán, 9)Alonso Pinto and Andrés Pinto; María de Palacios is the widow of Francisco Tremiño and the curadora of her children-María and Madalesna Tremiño; Diego González was the heir of Miguel González and Leonor de Zamora, his parents along with Alonso and María González; Diego González Franciscan fraile, deceased, menor que fue del dicho Francisco Tremiño;  next layer of litigants: 1)Andrés Galindo, deceased and children are Alonso, Juana Galindo, Andrés Galindo, el moco; 2)Llorente, deceased, children are Bartolomé Pinto, Gonzalo Pinto, Juana Pinto/Galinda and Llorente Pinto; 3)Pedro González, labrador, curador for Francisco Corbalan's children; 4)Juan Corbalán, son of Francisco Corbalán, el viejo; 5)Simón, deceased, María Costa, his widow and Juan Corbalan, their son; 6)Antonio Corbalán, in his own name and as curador for the children of his brother, Francisco Corbalan; 7)Juan Pinto, Isabel de Medina, his widow in the name of their children; 8)Bartolomé representing himself as the son of Llorente; 9)Alonso Pinto as afiador for Juan Pinto, el viejo;  Francisco Tremiño was curador for his minor children: Diego, María and Alonso González vs. Juana Fernández de Espinsoa (widow of Alonso González and grandmother of the minors of Miguel González-Diego González; their grandfather is Diego de Zamora), Juan González, Juan Pinto (el viejo), María Galinda (and her children), Juan Corvalan, Simón Corvalan (children of Francisco Corvalan);

?ARChV, PL Civiles, Zarandona y Balboa (OLV), Caja 1459,4 [Pleito de Gregorio Aguín, de Valladolid y Francisco Corbalán, de Medina de Rioseco]