Velasco de Barrionuevo

Brief Biography

Velasco Barrionuevo was born in Granada. He came to New Spain with Viceroy Mendoza in 1535 and was a member of his personal guard. He served on the Expedition as an unassigned horseman along with his brother Rodrigo de Barrionuevo. The documentary record makes no mention of Velasco after his mention in a document executed in Tierra Nueva itself. Is it possible that he died during the fighting in Tiguex?

Country of Origin
Place of Birth (City/Town)
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region)
Last Known Location
Tiguex Pueblo (NM)
European Social Status
Position on Expedition
Maestre de campo
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere
Pre-Expedition Occupation
Mendoza Guard
Ability to sign name


AGI, Patronato, 77, N.1, R.2 [witness-Rodrigo says he came to Nueva España with Villalobos, the elder, who in turn came with Mendoza (because Velasco was a member of Mendoza's guard we assume he also was with his brother)]

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol. 42, exp. 6, 1536 [fol.48: Mexico, case against Fulano Salinas, lieutenant of the alguacil; 9 Oct. 1536, Mexico, laid hands on the priest; was suppose to bring demascio to the church; Velasco witness: estante, signature copied, partly missing];

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Visita hecha al Virrey, 1544” [fol. 737r: Barrionuevo was teniente de corregidor of the pueblo de Chilapa y su partida 1 Sept 1536-13 Nov 1538 (or maybe just 1 Sept 1538), 150 pesos];

AGI, Justicia, 259, pieza 2 [visita a don Antonio de Mendoza] [footman: 4 Sept. 1537, fol. 49r-49v, 2 Jan. 1538, fol. 49v-50r, 13 June 1538, fol. 50v, 6 Sept 1538, fol. 51r-51v, 4 Jan 1539, fol. 51v-52r, 10 May 1539, fol. 52v list a Barrionuevo as member of Mendoza’s personal guard] [in 19 Sept 1539, fol. 53r Barrionuevo is specifically listed as Velasco, horseman];

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Relacion de los salarios” [fol.798v: Nov. 1539, a VelasCo de barrionuevo...cxx pesos]

Warren, Vasco de Quiroga [p.100:appointed by Mendoza 1539 and 1540 to distribute an encomienda to Juan Infante]


1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [3 horses, chainmail vest, elk hide jacket, native arms]

“Disposal of the Juan Jiménez Estate,” in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 27 [February 17, 1542, Tiguex province, Barrionuevo is witness to inventory of Juan Jiménez’s goods];

AGI, Justicia, 267, N.3, “Proceso de Francisco Vázquez” [witness Ledesma: asked if he knew captain Velasco de Barrionuevo among others] [witness Vázquez de Coronado : left him as maestre de campo in Culiacán] [probably under Arellano];

AGI, Justicia, 263, Pieza 1 [alcalde ordinario of Zacatula Diego Ruíz tells of having talked to a “los dos hermanos barrionuevos que fueron en el dicho descubrimiento”]

Other Info:

Castañeda in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 28 [fol. 21v: captain, caballero from Granada (this may be the "Francisco" that Castañeda refers to)]


?Tello, Libro Segundo [327: a Diego de Barrionuevo]