The only fact known with certainty regarding Rodrigo de Escobar is that he is listed on the 1540 muster as a member of Diego López's company.
1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [horse, native arms, in Diego López's company]
?AGI, Pasajeros, L.1, E.88 [Juan de Escobar, son of Rodrigo de Escobar and María de Astudillo, vecinos of Meneses [Palencia], July 15, 1510];
?AGI, Justicia, 168 [don Luis de Quesada; fol. 881r: around 1551 a Francisco de Escobar (relative?) is agent for don Luis de Quesada];
?AMS, XVI-1539-25 [January 9, 1539, señor Diego de Guzmán, jurado de Sevilla, en las casas de Álvaro ? Infante, estando presente Rodrigo Alonso de Escobar; a Juan Martín de Escobar tiene una viña; the original document is badly damaged and available only in negative microfilm; many entries were not legible];
?Pérez-Embid Wamba, Aracena y su Sierra [p.65: in 1486 an Alonso Martín de Escobar is head of family of lower-middle economic status in Aracena; 81: in 1512 a Rodrigo de Escobar was mayordomo in Aracena; 137-41: between 1556 and 1598 no Escobars served as members of the Aracena cabildo; 145: between 1565 and 1590 three Araceños named Escobar attended university in Sevilla; 146: a Gaspar de Escobar was a cura (and bachiller) between 1576 and 1586, Juan Ramírez Escobar in 1588, and Pedro de Escobar Girón in 1586]